Why do bruises hurt? And why do I bruise easily?

Some say that bruises are an integral part of an active and happy childhood. Others see them as a serious warning sign. However, bruises accompany us throughout our lives. Hardly can you meet a person who has never been bruised and does not know the soring pain and various color pattern of healing bruises.
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But for some people bruise become the ultimate curse. A bruise appears when blood gets stuck under your skin after being released from damaged blood vessels. So technically, it is a type of internal bleeding. However, since the damage is minor, this bleeding stops as soon as your body starts to produce platelets – cells that cause clotting.
However, some conditions may prevent adequate platelet production and may lead to serious health complications. For example, a genetic disease called Hemophilia may lead to massive internal bleeding from an ordinary bump.
 
Why do bruises hurt?
Although bruises are not dangerous for most people, the sore and pain typical for a bruise may become pretty annoying. There is more than one reason for this pain.
First of all, bruises hurt because of the tissue inflammation that appears around the damaged area. Your body stimulates blood circulation and the production of white blood cells that would help to heal the damage and prevent sepsis. Inflammation is kind of a red flag for those cells that shows them where to go.
The second reason for bruise pain is the natural defensive mechanism of your organism. Through the pain, the body reminds us of the injury and teaches us to stay clear of traumatic situations.
 
Reasons for easy bruising.
Although bruising is quite natural and unavoidable, some people may find that they bruise easier than others. Sometimes you may not even remember the original cause of your bruising.
Extra bruising is an alarming sign, but it does not necessarily mean that you have some dangerous health condition. There are several reasons why a person may bruise easily.
  • Medications.
Certain medications may increase bleeding and lead to easy bruising. Those blood thinners prevent blood clots and are common in the therapy of some heart conditions and defects. Even the trivial aspirin – the drug that everyone takes from time to time, is a blood thinner. Antidepressants are also famous for their blood thinning side-effect. So, once you have noticed that you started to bleed and bruise easily, go through your medkit or current therapy may be the key.
  • Alcohol abuse or liver disease.
Alcohol abuse often leads to liver diseases. The liver is responsible for the production of platelets – those blood cells that provide clogging. However, alcohol may not be the only reason for the development of the liver disease. Once you have symptoms like dark urine, yellow skin tone, or darker eye whites, make an appointment with a doctor as soon as possible.
  • Vitamin deficit.
Vitamin C is an essential element for the blood clot. The deficit of vitamin C leads to Scurvy – a disease that was once pretty common among sailors. However, if you eat fruits and vegetables, Scurvy is a very unlikely scenario for you. Vitamin K is another crucial element that prevents excessive bleeding. The deficit of vitamin K is pretty common among children, especially if they didn`t get the Vitamin K injection right after birth.
  • Leukemia.
Blood-thinning is the first visible symptom of leukemia and other types of blood cancer. All the other symptoms of blood cancer a very similar to those of flu. So once they are accompanied with excessive bruising or bleeding gums, there is a solid reason to conduct relevant testing.
 
Most of the time, bruising is nothing but an indication of minor blood vessel damage. It is natural and may sometimes be more excessive due to genetic peculiarities or as a side effect of the ongoing therapy. However, once you notice excessive bruising without any obvious explanation, make sure to address qualified medical consultation.